Las preferencias musicales de los estudiantes: hacia un reconocimiento de sus identidades culturales

Contenido principal del artículo

Pablo Marín-Liébana
José Salvador Blasco Magraner
Ana María Botella Nicolás

Resumen

Diversas tradiciones de educación musical crítica sostienen la necesidad de reconocer las identidades de los estudiantes mediante la incorporación curricular de sus preferencias musicales, las cuales pertenecen principalmente a la música popular urbana. Sin embargo, esta todavía no es utilizada de manera generalizada en los diferentes sistemas educativos y es comúnmente rechazada por los docentes, quienes la consideran estéticamente inferior. No obstante, un conocimiento en profundidad de la construcción e implicaciones psicosociales de dichas preferencias podría contribuir a aumentar su inclusión en el ámbito educativo. En este sentido, este artículo realiza una revisión bibliográfica de 105 trabajos sobre las principales teorías, modelos y estudios evolutivos que las explican, la relación entre preferencias e identidades musicales, el concepto de música popular urbana como objeto de estudio de la musicología y las iniciativas que ya la han incorporado dentro del aula. Como se verá, las preferencias musicales de los estudiantes no son meras modas pasajeras sino complejos constructos que les ayudan a construir su identidad personal y a establecer relaciones sociales positivas. Algunas iniciativas como Modern Band o Little Kids Rock ya la han incorporada en el aula de música, mientras que la legislación de los países nórdicos es la más avanzada en este aspecto, habiendo establecido que los intereses y preferencias de los estudiantes deben ser reconocidos e incluidos como parte del currículum.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Marín-Liébana, P., Blasco Magraner, J. S., & Botella Nicolás, A. M. (2021). Las preferencias musicales de los estudiantes: hacia un reconocimiento de sus identidades culturales. Vivat Academia, 154, 43-67. https://doi.org/10.15178/va.2021.154.e1236
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Biografía del autor/a

Pablo Marín-Liébana, Universitat de València

Personal investigador del Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal en la Facultad de Magisterio de la Universitat de València. Es Diplomado en Educación Social, Grado en Maestro en Educación Primaria y Máster en Investigación en Didácticas Específicas por la Universitat de València, Licenciado en Historia y Ciencias de la Música por la Universidad de la Rioja, Máster en Memoria y Crítica de La Educación por la Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia y Grado Profesional en Guitarra por el Taller de Música Jove de Valencia. Su actividad investigadora se centra en el desarrollo de recursos audiovisuales para favorecer los procesos de escucha, el análisis de libros de texto y la didáctica musical crítica.

José Salvador Blasco Magraner, Universitat de València

José Salvador Blasco Magraner es Doctor en Ciencias Sociales y Humanas y Licenciado en Historia y Ciencias de la Música por la Universidad Católica de Valencia. Recibió el Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado por su tesis titulada “Vicente Peydró Díez: vida y obra”. Es también Licenciado en Dirección de orquesta por la prestigiosa Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music de Londres y Diplomado en Didáctica de la lengua inglesa por la Universitat de València. Asimismo, es Editor de CABA y de la editorial Sociedad Latina de Comunicación Social. Es autor de nueve libros y más de cincuenta artículos en revistas nacionales e internacionales. En la actualidad es Profesor Ayudante Doctor del Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal de la Facultad de Magisterio de la Universitat de València.

Ana María Botella Nicolás, Universitat de València

Profesora Titular del Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal de la Facultad de Magisterio de la Universitat de València. Doctora en pedagogía por la Universitat de València. Es Licenciada en Geografía e Historia, especialidad Musicología y maestra en Educación Musical, por la Universidad de Oviedo. Grado profesional en la especialidad de piano y Máster internacional en la misma especialidad. Durante el año 2001, toma plaza en el cuerpo de profesores de música de enseñanza secundaria en Alicante. Forma parte de la Comisión de Coordinación Académica del Master Universitario en Profesor/a de enseñanza secundaria de la Universitat de València. Ha sido directora del Máster en Investigación en didácticas específicas. Coordina el doctorado en la especialidad de música de la Facultad de Magisteri. Ha sido directora del Aula de Música del Vicerrectorado de Cultura e Igualdad de la UVEG. Es Vicedecana de la Facultad de Magisterio.

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